Nonlinear PDEs and kinetic problems
Org:
Slim Ibrahim (Victoria) and
Weiran Sun (SFU)
[
PDF]
 TAKAFUMI AKAHORI, Shizuoka university
Uniqueness of ground states for combined powertype nonlinear scalar field equations [PDF]

We consider the uniqueness of ground states for combined powertype nonlinear scalar field equations with the Sobolev critical exponent and large frequency parameter.
For five and higher dimensions, the uniqueness of the ground states had been proved.
In this talk, I give a uniqueness result for three and four dimensions.
This study is motivated and inspired by that by Coles and Gustafson (Publ.Res.Inst.Math.Sci.56 (2020), pp.647699).
 RICARDO ALONSO, Texas A&M Qatar
Brief Intro to Dissipative Particle Systems and the role of selfsimilarity [PDF]

This talk is a brief introduction to Dissipative Particle Systems. The presentation evolves around 3 relevant examples: granular gases, alignment and annihilation processes. The notion of selfsimilarly is discussed and then connected to the analysis and simulation of such systems. Recent results and perspectives will be commented along the way.
 YAKINE BAHRI, University of Victoria, Canada
 GONG CHEN, Fields Institute and University of Toronto, Canada
 IKUN CHEN, National Taiwan University, Taiwan
 LESLIE CHEN, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth
Multiscale Convergence Properties for Spectral Approximation of a Model Kinetic Equation [PDF]

We prove rigorous convergence properties for a semidiscrete, momentbased approximation of a model kinetic equation in one dimension. This approximation is equivalent to a standard spectral method in the velocity variable of the kinetic distribution and, as such, is accompanied by standard algebraic estimates of the form $N^{q}$, where $N$ is the number of modes and $q$ depends on the regularity of the solution. However, in the multiscale setting, we show that the error estimate can be expressed in terms of the scaling parameter $\epsilon$, which measures the ratio of the meanfreepath to the characteristic domain length. In particular, we show that the error in the spectral approximation is $\mathcal{O}(\epsilon^{N+1})$. More surprisingly, for isotropic initial conditions, the coefficients of the expansion satisfy super convergence properties. In particular, the error of the $l^{th}$ coefficient of the expansion scales like $\mathcal{O}(\epsilon^{2N})$ when $l =0$ and $\mathcal{O}(\epsilon^{2N+2l})$ for all $1\leq l \leq N$. This result is significant, because the loworder coefficients correspond to physically relevant quantities of the underlying system. All the above estimates involve constants depending on $N$, the time $t$, and the initial condition. We investigate specifically the dependence on $N$, in order to assess whether increasing $N$ actually yields an additional factor of $\epsilon$ in the error. Numerical tests will also be presented to support the theoretical results.
 YANXIA DENG, Sun Yatsen University
Global existence and singularity of the Hill’s type lunar problem [PDF]

In a joint work with Slim Ibrahim, we used the idea of ground states in nonlinear dispersive equations (e.g. KleinGordon and Schr\"odinger equations) to characterize solutions in the Nbody problem with strong force under some energy constraints. In this talk, I will explore this method to a restricted 3body problem (Hill’s type lunar problem), and talk about the dynamics of the solutions below, at, and (slightly) above the ground state energy threshold.
 RAZVAN FETECAU, Simon Fraser University
Aggregation with intrinsic interactions on Riemannian manifolds [PDF]

We consider a model for collective behaviour with intrinsic interactions on Riemannian
manifolds. We establish the wellposedness of measure solutions, defined via optimal mass transport, on several specific manifolds (sphere, hypercylinder, rotation group SO(3)), and investigate the meanfield particle approximation. We study the longtime
behaviour of solutions, where the primary goal is to establish sufficient conditions for a consensus state to form asymptotically. The analytical results are illustrated with numerical experiments that exhibit various asymptotic patterns.
 HIROAKI KIKUCHI, Tsuda University
Existence of a ground state and blowup problem for a class of nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equations [PDF]

In this talk, we study the existence of the ground state and blowup problem for a class of nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equations involving the mass and energy critical exponents. To show that a ground state exists, we solve a minimization problem related to the virial identity, so that we need to compare the minimization value to the best constant of the GagliardoNirenberg inequality because our nonlinearities contain the mass critical nonlinearity. Once we obtain the ground state, we can introduce a subset $\mathcal{A}_{\omega, }$ of $H^{1}(\mathbb{R}^d)$ for each $\omega > 0$ as in Berestycki and Cazenave (1981). Then, it turn out that any radial solution starting from $\mathcal{A}_{\omega, }$ blows up in a finite time. This talk is based on a joint work with Minami Watanabe (Tsuda University).
 KAI KOIKE, Kyoto University
Refined pointwise estimates for the solutions to a system of a 1D viscous compressible fluid and a moving point mass [PDF]

The longtime behavior of a system of a onedimensional barotropic viscous compressible fluid and a moving point mass is investigated. In a previous work, I showed that the velocity $V(t)$ of the point mass satisfies a powerlaw decay estimate $V(t)=O(t^{3/2})$. This time, I give a necessary and sufficient condition for a corresponding lower bound $V(t)\geq C^{1}(t+1)^{3/2}$ ($t\gg 1$) to hold (preprint: https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.06578). This is proved as a corollary to refined pointwise estimates for the fluid variables.
 QUYUAN LIN, Texas A&M University
The Inviscid Primitive Equations and the Effect of Rotation [PDF]

Large scale dynamics of the oceans and the atmosphere is governed by the primitive equations (PEs). It is wellknown that the threedimensional viscous primitive equations are globally wellposed in Sobolev spaces. In this talk, I will discuss the illposedness in Sobolev spaces, the local wellposedness in the space of analytic functions, and the finitetime blowup of solutions to the threedimensional inviscid PEs with rotation (Coriolis force). Eventually, I will also show, in the case of ``wellprepared" analytic initial data, the regularizing effect of the Coriolis force by providing a lower bound for the lifespan of the solutions which grows toward infinity with the rotation rate. The latter is achieved by a delicate analysis of a simple limit resonant system whose solution approximate the corresponding solution of the 3D inviscid PEs with the same initial data.
 DAYTON PREISSL, University of Victoria
The Hot, Magnetized Relativistic Maxwell Vlasov System [PDF]

Fusion energy is at the threshold of becoming one of the most green and sustainable energy sources in the
world. This energy is creating by heating an ionized gas (plasma) to extreme temperatures in order to allow
high energy particle collisions to occur. This leads to an exothermic fusion reaction releasing immense energy
to be harvested. One major hurdle, is the plasma is highly pressurizes and must be contained within a reactor.
A solution to this issue is applying a strong magnetic field which traps the particles from escaping radially
outwards from the confinement chamber. Such a system can be modeled mathematically by the Hot, Magnetized,
Relativistic Vlasov Maxwell (HMRVM) system. A small physically pertinent parameter $ \epsilon $, with
$0 < \epsilon \ll 1$, related to the inverse of a gyrofrequency, governs the strength of a spatially inhomogeneous applied magnetic field
given by the function $ x \mapsto \epsilon^{1} \mathbf{B}_e(x)$. Stationary (equilibrium) solutions to this system are well understood, but
it is not clear how perturbations from equilibrium could lead to destabilization of the plasma (the plasma
explodes releasing uncontrollable energy). It has been recently in shown that, in the case of neutral, cold, and dilute plasmas
(like in the Earth's magnetosphere), smooth solutions corresponding to perturbations of equilibria exist on a uniform time interval $[0,T]$, with
$ 0 < T $ independent of $\epsilon$. In this talk we further extend these results to hot plasmas for well prepared initial data.
 IKKEI SHIMIZU, Kyoto University, Japan
 TONG YANG, City University of Hong Kong
Some recent progress on the Boltzmann equation without angular cutoff [PDF]

In this talk, after reviewing the work on global wellposedness of the Boltzmann equation without angular cutoff with algebraic decay tails, we will present a recent work on the global weighted $L^\infty$solutions to the Boltzmann equation without angular cutoff in the regime close to equilibrium. A De Giorgi type argument, well developed for diffusion equations, is crafted in this kinetic context with the help of the averaging lemma. More specifically, we use a strong averaging lemma to obtain suitable $L^p$ estimates for levelset functions. These estimates are crucial for constructing an appropriate energy functional to carry out the De Giorgi argument. Then we extend local solutions to global by using the spectral gap of the linearized Boltzmann operator with the convergence to the equilibrium state obtained as a byproduct. This result fill in the gap of wellposedness theory for the Boltzmann equation without angular cutoff in the $L^\infty$ framework. The talk is based on the joint works with Ricardo Alonso, Yoshinori Morimoto and Weiran Sun.
 SHUGO YASUDA, University of Hyogo
Numerical analysis of the instability and aggregation in a kinetic transport equation with internal state [PDF]

Collective motion of chemotactic bacteria, such as E. Coli, stems from, at individual level, continuous reorientations by runs and tumbles. It has been established that the length of run is decided by a stiff response to the external chemical cue via the intracellular signal transduction pathway.
This study numerically investigates the selforganized aggregation of chemotactic bacteria based on a kinetic transport equation with internal state coupled with a reactiondiffusion equation of chemical cues. We put the focus on the effect of the adaptation time in the intracellular dynamics on the selforganized aggregation both at the macroscopic and microscopic levels.
We found that the aggregation profile is highly affected by the adaptation time. Especially, we uncovered a nonmonotonic behavior of the peak aggregation density with respect to the adaptation time. This indicates that there exists an optimal adaptation time to perform a strong aggregation behavior. Remarkably, this nonmonotonic behavior is observed only at the kinetic level when the adaptation time is moderately large compared to the tumbling frequency, but cannot be described at the continuum level, i.e., the KellerSegel model, which is obtained by the asymptotic analysis of the kinetic model.
We also discover a plateaulike aggregation profile when the adaptation time is very large. We illustrate the formation of the plateautype aggregation by a microscopic characterization.
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