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Operator Algebras / Algèbres des opérateurs
(Org: Thierry Giordano and/et David Handelman)

BERNDT BRENKEN, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta  T2N 1N4
C*-algebras associated with topological relations

With a closed relation on a locally compact Hausdorff space X arising from a continuous positive map of X to the space of Radon measures on X we associate a C*-algebra, namely the Cuntz-Pimsner algebra of a particular Hilbert bimodule constructed from the relation. The relations may have branch points and there are no local homeomorphism requirements. This family of C*-algebras contains the C*-algebras of directed graphs, and the crossed product C*-algebras of topological dynamical systems. Some examples are considered.

MAN DUEN CHOI, Department of Mathematics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario  M5S 3G3
The ultimate norm estimate for complex matrices

It is often a complicated matter to estimate the C*-norm (the usual Hilbert-space operator-norm) of a complex matrix. Nevertheless, an ultimate answer (without hard computation) can be sought for the best bound of the norm of T=A + iB where A and B are (non-commuting) hermitian operators with known eigenvalues. Moreover, the main result can be extended to cover the case of the sum of two normal matrices.

(This is a joint work with Chi-Kwong Li.)

KEN DAVIDSON, Department of Pure Mathematics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario  N2l 3G1
Spans and sums of unitary and similarity orbits of a single operator

If T is a bounded operator on a separable Hilbert space H which is not of the form scalar plus compact, then every bounded linear operator on H can be written as a linear combination of 14 or fewer operators unitarily equivalent to T, as a linear combination of 6 or fewer operators similar to T, and as a sum of 8 or fewer operators similar to T. When T is not polynomially compact, the set of all sums of 2 operators similar to T is dense in B(H), while if T is polynomially compact, but not of the form scalar plus compact, then the set of sums of 3 operators similar to T is dense in B(H).

GEORGE ELLIOTT, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario  M5S 3G3
Recent progress in the classification of amenable C*-algebras

A summary is given of recent progress in the classification of separable amenable C*-algebras.

REMUS C. FLORICEL, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario
E0-semigroups of von Neumann algebras

The study of E0-semigroups of a type I¥ factor was initated by R. Powers and W. Arveson, and many interesting classification results were obtained in the last years. Our purpose, in this talk, is to investigate the structure of E0-semigroups that act on arbitrary von Neumann algebras. We show that such a semigroup can be canonically decomposed as the direct sum of an inner E0-semigroup and a properly outer E0-semigroup. This decomposition is stable under conjugacy and cocycle conjugacy. We also show that the class of inner E0-semigroups can be completely characterized in terms of product systems.

NIGEL HIGSON, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania  16802, USA
The residue cocycle of Connes and Moscovici

The index theorem of Connes and Moscovici provides a formula for Chern character in cyclic cohomology involving residues of zeta functions associated to elliptic operators. I shall give a streamlined account of the `residue cocycle' discovered by Connes and Moscovici and the associated Fredholm index formula.

MASOUD KHALKALI, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario
Invariant cyclic homology

I will present joint work with B. Rangipour on invariant cyclic homology. This theory extends cyclic homology of Hopf algebras defined by Connes and Moscovici and its dual theory defined by present authors. I will also give several computations and conjectures regarding this new theory.

CLAUS KOESTLER, Queen's University
Lp-martingales on q-white noises

A q-white noise is the von Neumann algebra generated by q-Brownian motion on q-Fock space. In the case -1 < q < 1 we characterize bounded Lp-martingales (1 < p < ¥) w.r.t a canonical filtration as non-commutative Hardy spaces. This result generalizes work of Pisier and Xu on Itô-Clifford martingales which correspond to the case q=-1.

DAN KUCEROVSKY, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick  E3B 5A3
Locally absorbing extensions

Absorbing extensions are C*-algebra extensions having the property that their sum with a trivial extension are unitarily equivalent to the given extension. It can be shown that an extension that is absorbing in this sense must necessarily be full. In this talk, we attempt to modify the absorption property so that fullness is replaced, in a natural way, by a weaker condition we call local fullness.

MARCELO LACA, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia
KMS states of Pimsner algebras

I will discuss the structure of the equilibrium state space of quasi-free dynamics on the C*-algebras associated by M. Pimsner to a Hilbert bimodule. (Current joint work with S. Neshveyev.)

JAMIE MINGO, Queen's University
Two Point functions for families of random matrices and non-crossing annular partitions

(joint work with A. Nica)

Let (W, P) be a probability space and X be self-adjoint Gaussian random matrix, i.e. X: W®Mn(C)s.a. is a matrix valued random variable with independent and normally distributed entires. If we write X = (fi,j)i,j = 1n and X is normalized so that E(fi,j) = 0 for all i and j, and E(Â(fi,j)2) = E(Á(fi,j)2) = 1/(2n) for i ¹ j and E(fi,i2) = 1/n, then E. Wigner showed that

E æ
tr(X2p) ö
= cp + O(1/n2)
where tr is the normalized trace and cp is the p-th Catalan number.

We shall show that

E æ
tr(Xp)tr(Xq) ö
-E æ
tr(Xp) ö
E æ
tr(Xq) ö
= ap, q
+ O(1/n4)
where ap,q is the number of non-crossing annular partitions of an annulus with p vertices on the inner circle and q vertices on the outer circle.

MATTHIAS NEUFANG, Carleton University, Ottawa, Toronto  K1S 5B6
Amplification of completely bounded operators and applications

It is a characteristic feature of completely bounded operators on B(H) to admit an amplification to the level of B(H Ä2 K), where H and K are Hilbert spaces. Using Wittstock's Hahn-Banach principle and Tomiyama's slice map theorem, one deduces that, more generally, any completely bounded map on M can be amplified to a map on the von Neumann tensor product M [`(Ä)] N, whenever M and N are either von Neumann algebras or dual operator spaces with at least one of them sharing the w* operator approximation property. Our aim is to show that there is a simple and explicit formula of an amplification of completely bounded operators for all such pairs (M,N), thus providing a constructive approach to the amplification problem. The key idea is to combine two fundamental concepts in the theory of operator algebras, one being classical, the other one fairly modern: Tomiyama's slice maps on the one hand, and the description of the predual of M [`(Ä)] N given by Effros-Ruan in terms of the projective operator space tensor product, on the other hand.

We will further discuss the question of uniqueness of such an amplification, but mainly focus on various applications of our construction, such as:

  • a generalization of the so-called Ge-Kadison Lemma;
  • the amplification of completely bounded module homomorphisms;
  • an algebraic characterization of normality for completely bounded maps in terms of a commutation relation for the associated amplification.
In particular, the latter result leads us to a new concept in operator algebra theory which may be viewed as a tensor product version of Arens regularity.

VLADIMIR PESTOV, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario  K1N 6N5
The fixed point on compacta property of some topological groups related to operator algebras and ergodic theory

A topological group G has the fixed point on compacta (f.p.c.) property if there is a fixed point in each compact space upon which G acts continuously. This is a very strong version of amenability, which is why such groups are also called extremely amenable. The property is closely linked to Ramsey theory and to geometry of high-dimensional structures. Among a number of known groups with the f.p.c. property, many are linked to operator algebras and ergodic theory, and we will dwell on some of the recent developments in this direction.

JOHN PHILLIPS, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia  V8W 3P4
Centre-valued index of Toeplitz operators with noncommuting symbols

We begin with a unital C*-algebra A and a unital C*-subalgebra, Z of the centre of A. We assume that we have a faithful, unital Z-trace t and a continuous action a:R®Aut(A) leaving t and hence Z invariant. We let d be the infinitesimal generator of a on A.

We have in this setting a largest (in the sense of quasi-containment) *-representation of A on a Hilbert space which carries a faithful, unital u.w.-continuous Z-u.w.-trace [`(t)]: A-u.w. ® Z-u.w. extending t. We assume that A is concretely represented on this Hilbert space. We denote by A and Z respectively, the ultraweak closures of A and Z. One shows that there is an u.w.-continuous action [`(a)]:R ®Aut(A) extending a and leaving [`(t)] and Z invariant.

At this point we construct a representation, Ind = [(p)\tilde]×l of A\rtimesR on a certain self-dual Hilbert-Z module HA constructed from a certain ``Z-Hilbert Algebra,'' A. We let M=Ind(A\rtimesR)¢¢ which contains Z in its centre and has a faithful, normal semifinite Z-trace [^(t)]. This construction is half the battle. We let H denote the image of the Hilbert Transform in M and let P = [1/2](H+1) in M. We then consider the semifinite von Neumann algebra,

N: = PM P
with the faithful, normal, semifinite Z-trace obtained by restricting [^(t)]. For a Î A we define the Toeplitz operator

Ta:=P ~
(a)P Î N.

We prove the following theorem.

Theorem 1 Let A be a unital C*-algebra and let Z Í Z(A) be a unital C*-subalgebra of the centre of A. Let t: A ® Z be a faithful, unital Z-trace which is invariant under a continuous action a of R. Then for any a Î A-1Çdom(d), the Toeplitz operator Ta is Fredholm relative to the trace [^(t)] on N=P(Ind(A\rtimesR)¢¢)P,and

-ind(Ta)= -1
t æ
d(a)a-1 ö

IAN PUTNAM, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia
Recent results on topological orbit equivalence

I will describe recent work with T. Giordano (Ottawa) and C. Skau (Trondheim) on topological orbit equivalence for actions of higher rank free abelian groups on the Cantor set.

ROLAND SPEICHER, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario  K7L 3N6
Free probability

I will present some recent results from free probability theory.


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