Communications libres
Org:
Jason Levy (University of Ottawa)
[
PDF]
 DALE GARRAWAY, Eastern Washington University
Relational Sheaves [PDF]

We show that a sheaf for a {\em quantaloid} (${\cal Q}$) is an idempotent suprema preserving laxsemifunctor $F:{\cal Q}^{co}\rightarrow {\bf Rel}$ ( {\em a relational sheaf}). This implies that for a Grothendieck topos ${\cal E}$, a sheaf is a relational sheaf on the category of relations of ${\cal E}$ and thus ${\cal E}$ is equivalent to the category of relational sheaves and {\em functional transformations}. The theory is developed in the context of enriched taxons, which are supremum enriched semicategories with an added structural requirement.
 ARASH JAMSHIDPEY, University of Ottawa
Moran model with i.i.d. and a.s. convergent fitness functions [PDF]

We study the path behaviours of some stochastic population dynamics such as the measurevalued Moran model with mutation and selection when the fitness function is random changing in
time. Suppose there are individuals $1, ..., N$ each carrying an allele from a compact type space
$E$ at each time. The process evolves as a Markov jump process for which resampling, mutation and
selection happen at independent Poisson times. Suppose $\chi : \mathbb{N} \times I \times \Omega
\rightarrow (\varepsilon , 1 \varepsilon) $ is the haploid fitness function where
$0<\varepsilon<1$ and $\chi_n(a)$ is a random variable indicating the fitness function of allele $a
\in I$ at the $n$th selection event.
When the $n$th selection event happens on an individual carrying type $a$ the fitness function $\chi_n(a)$ can be considered as the probability
that the selection arrow works. Continuing this for all selection events we construct a random measure on the boundary of the infinite binary tree
corresponding to all possible scenarios for selection events during the process. When the fitness function is deterministic the induced measure on
the boundary also is.\
Suppose either $\chi_n(a)$ is i.i.d. or $\chi_n(a) \rightarrow \chi(a) \ a.s.$ for all $a \in I$. With some extra conditions we prove that the
random measure arising from the random environment on the boundary of infinite binary tree is absolutely continuous w.r.t. a deterministic measure
arising from a convenient deterministic environment on the same boundary. This implies the same properties in the random environment as those
in the deterministic environment.
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